Visual impairment and blindness sometimes serves as a barrier to learning how to execute physical functions such as throwing, running and hand eye coordination.
Incidental learning is inhibited due to not taking in visual cues as children develop.
Knowledge of object permanence and spatial awareness are greatly effected by vision loss and take a more detailed instructive and/or hand over hand approach to teach.
Students with visual impairments and blindness experience school related barriers due to class sizes and time restraints of teachers this hinders students with forms of low vision or blindness from the physical benefits of engaging fully in physical education classes. The varying consequences of not being physically engaged are numerous but through sports education camps, MOBALE has a vision to have athletes accel and gain knowledge in spatial concepts, physical health, sports knowledge and set goals for personal well-being.
Sports education camp provide each athlete to learn about and participate in physical opportunities they may be missing on their local community/school. MOBALE follows goals and systems implemented by other sports education camps and providers including the United States Association of Blind Athletes (www.usaba.org) to provide detailed instruction, including modeling hand-over-hand, in a variety of sports. Athletes get group and individual training in each sport/activity they engage in at sports education camps, workshops or events including: swimming, bowling, goalball, fencing, gymnastics, zumba, alpine skiing, Nordic skiing, ice skating and track & field events.
Athletes attending sports education camps, workshops or events are assessed related to skill of each physical activity being presented including but not limited to:
- General movement and special awareness
A questionnaire is administered verbally identifying what athletic participants understand regarding sports presented including but not limited to:
- Size of specific equipment (soccer ball vs volleyball)
- Distance of Track & Field Events
- Rules related to goalball
Resource: Lieberman, Ponchilla & Ponchilla Physical Education and Sports for People with Visual Impairments and Deafblindness